The opposite of Vitiligo, Melasma is a hyperpigmentary disease. It is a little more common, especially in the United States and Mexico. Melasma is better known as the “pregnancy mask” as it occurs in women, affecting their cheeks, upper lip, and forehead.
Is melasma the same as vitiligo?
Melasma is a condition with too much pigmentation, while vitiligo is a condition with not enough pigmentation. These two conditions are a result of entirely different processes and are unrelated to one another.
What are the 4 types of vitiligo?
Types of vitiligo include:
- Generalized: This is the most common type of vitiligo that causes macules to appear in various places on your body.
- Segmental: This type only affects one side of your body or one area, such as your hands or face.
- Mucosal: Mucosal vitiligo affects mucous membranes of your mouth and/or genitals.
What causes melasma?
There are two main causes of melasma: radiation, whether ultraviolet, visible light, or infrared (heat) light; and hormones. Ultraviolet and infrared radiation from the sun are key in making melasma worse.
What are the white spots but not vitiligo?
Truly depigmented spots that are NOT vitiligo
One is idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis (IGH), or small spots that appear on skin that has had chronic sun exposure (usually the shins and forearms, but sometimes the chest and back as well).
How can one prevent spreading of vitiligo? - Dr. Nischal K
What are autoimmune white spots on skin?
Vitiligo is a chronic (long-lasting) autoimmune disorder that causes patches of skin to lose pigment or color. This happens when melanocytes – skin cells that make pigment – are attacked and destroyed, causing the skin to turn a milky-white color.
What rare skin condition is white spots?
Vitiligo is a long-term condition where pale white patches develop on the skin. It's caused by the lack of melanin, which is the pigment in skin.
What does melasma look like?
When melasma appears, it can cause tan, brown, grayish brown, or bluish gray patches and freckle-like spots. These usually appear on certain areas of face like the cheeks, forehead, chin, and even above the upper lip. While less common, melasma can develop on the arms, neck, or elsewhere.
Can you reverse melasma?
Melasma may go away on its own. This usually happens when a trigger, such as pregnancy or a medication, causes melasma. When you deliver your baby or stop taking the medication, melasma can fade. Melasma can also last for years, or even a lifetime.
Will melasma ever go away?
Most people with melasma do not need treatment. Melasma may fade away slowly if you stop taking birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy. If melasma appeared while you were pregnant, it may go away a few months after you have the baby. If melasma doesn't fade or it bothers you, it can be treated.
What race is most likely to have vitiligo?
Who gets vitiligo? People of all races and skin colors can get vitiligo, and the disease occurs about equally in people of all races. About half the people who develop vitiligo get it before they turn 20 years of age. For many of these people, vitiligo begins when they're a child.
What blood type is vitiligo?
Results: There was no specific association established between vitiligo and ABO and Rh blood groups. Blood group B showed the most difference but still it was not significant (P>0.05). Conclusion: There was no association with the ABO and Rh blood group in vitiligo patients.
What skin types get melasma?
Melasma is most common in people who tan easily or have naturally brown skin (Fitzpatrick skin phototypes III, IV). It is less common in people with fair skin (Fitzpatrick types I, II) or black skin (Fitzpatrick types V, VI).
How do I know if I have melasma or pigmentation?
The patch pattern can also help you determine if you have melasma or hyperpigmentation. "Hyperpigmentation is usually very focused, whereas melasma appears as broad patches with intervening areas of clearing," says Anthony Rossi, MD, a board-certified dermatologist in New York City.
What can be mistaken for melasma?
If you have dark spots on your skin, it can be hard to tell if it's hyperpigmentation or melasma, as both are extremely common. While they are two different dermatological conditions, they can look and act alike, and they are both caused by similar things.
What is the 3 cream for melasma?
TRIPLE COMBINATION OF HYDROQUINONE, TRETINOIN AND MOMETASONE FUROATE WITH GLYCOLIC ACID PEELS IN MELASMA.
Does stress cause melasma?
Stress: Long periods of stress on the body can also trigger hormonal changes and cause melasma.
Can turmeric cure melasma?
If you're not okay with chemicals, then you can always go for natural treatment for melasma. Below are few common ways to do so. Turmeric Turmeric contains curcumin, a strong antioxidant that results in lighter skin. Using a 1:2 ratio, mix milk with turmeric powder and apply the mixture on the affected areas.
Which hormone causes melasma?
Causes. Melasma is a common skin disorder. It most often appears in young women with brownish skin tone, but it can affect anyone. Melasma is often associated with the female hormones estrogen and progesterone.
What are the two types of melasma?
Melasma is divided into three types: epidermal, dermal, and mixed melasma. Epidermal melasma is the most superficial with an increase in the skin pigment (melanin) in the top layer of skin (epidermis). In dermal melasma, there is increased skin pigment in the second deeper layer of the skin (the dermis).
Can melasma be cancerous?
In some patients, discolored patches and spots can appear as a symptom of certain skin cancers such as basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, melanoma, and actinic keratosis. In melasma, hyperpigmentation of the skin is caused by the excess production of melanocytes and it is usually harmless.
What are Bier spots?
Bier spots are small, irregular, hypopigmented macules that are usually found on the arms and legs. The macules disappear when the limb is raised. Bier spots have been reported in association with a number of conditions but there is no consistent association to specific desease.
Does any vitamin deficiency cause white spots on skin?
Deficiencies in calcium, vitamin D and vitamin E can cause white patches on the skin. While harmless, these white spots indicate that you need to eat a healthy, balanced diet.
Do white spots on skin always mean vitiligo?
Vitiligo causes light to white-colored patches of skin that develop over time, but it's not the only condition that can cause discolored skin.