Definition. The inability to attribute mental states such as thoughts, desires, knowledge, and intentions to self and others, and to make sense of and predict another person's behavior.
What does it mean to be mentally blind?
In the context of the theory, mind-blindness implies being unable to predict behavior and attribute mental states including beliefs, desires, emotions, or intentions of other people. The mind-blindness theory asserts that children who delay in this development will often develop autism.
What causes mind blindness?
Mind blindness is a real thing, and some people do have it. Sure, even some people on the spectrum have it, but it's a consequence of other factors, like complex trauma or personality disorders, and not an innate trait of autism.
What is the IQ of aphantasia?
People with aphantasia tend to have a higher average IQ (115 compared to the 110 score of the general population) and are less affected by scary stories since they cannot visualize them. As Zeman explains, “it's clearly not a bar to high achievement …
What do people with aphantasia see?
What Does a Person With Aphantasia See? If you have aphantasia, you may be unable to visualize any type of image in your head. Aphantasia is believed to be rare, affecting an estimated 1% to 3% of the population. These individuals have no "mind's eye," or their imagination is essentially blind.
Paranoia & Autism - Mind Blindness Explained
Is aphantasia linked to autism?
Aphantasics show elevated autism-linked traits. Aphantasia and autism linked by impaired imagination and social skills. Aphantasia (low imagery) can arise in synaesthesia (usually linked to high imagery). Aphantasic synaesthetes have more 'associator' than 'projector' traits.
Is aphantasia a gift?
Aphantasia Is a Gift
Aphantasia is not a hindrance; it is the best possible gift you can have. You have a mind that is naturally quiet and image-less. You don't have a million random thoughts and mental pictures floating through your head distracting you. You do not have to deal with a Monkey Mind.
Do aphantasia dream?
Recent studies of aphantasia and its neurobehavioral correlates reveal that the majority of aphantasics, whilst unable to produce visual imagery while awake, nevertheless retain the capacity to experience rich visual dreams.
Can aphantasia see memories?
Overall, the results show that people with aphantasia have less vivid and detailed memories — particularly when it comes to visual details — and this this effect is clear whether they are asked about their experience or tested in more “objective” ways.
How do people with Asperger's think?
The Asperger's mind enjoys and focuses on details, while the normal mind is more skilled at assembling whole concepts from details. Some people with Asperger's are visual thinkers and others are math, music, or number thinkers, but all think in speciﬁcs.
How do autistic people think?
Non-autistic people tend to assess concepts before details, also known as top-down thinking. Autistic people take the opposite approach with bottom-up thinking and use details to build concepts. It may take longer to filter out sensory details with this approach, but you're less likely to miss important information.
What is Asperger's mind blindness?
The mindblindness theory proposes that children with autism and Asperger's syndrome are delayed in the development of their ToM, leaving them with degrees of mindblindness. As a consequence, they find other people's behaviour confusing and unpredictable, even frightening.
Is aphantasia a disability?
Aphantasia is a natural variation in human experience and not a disability, mental disorder, or defect. In the majority of cases, aphantasia is congenital, which means it is present from birth. However, it is occasionally a symptom of other disorders.
How common is aphantasia?
People who experience aphantasia account for 3% to 4% of the world's population, and Zeman has met and spoken to over 10,000 of them.
Can mental stress cause blindness?
If mental stress causes vision loss and vision loss leads to stress, this results in a downward spiral: mental stress impairs vascular function in the ocular structures leading to vision loss; this causes emotional worry and stress, which, in turn, aggravates vision loss and so on.
Can you tell if someone has aphantasia?
People with aphantasia are unable to form mental pictures in the mind's eye. They are also not able to visualize images of past experiences. How vividly people visualize images varies greatly between individuals.
Is aphantasia due to trauma?
For instance, someone with non-congenital aphantasia of a psychogenic origin may have acquired the condition as a result of trauma, with their lack of imagery being a coping mechanism, one that also causes them to forget that they ever had imagery in the first place.
Do people with aphantasia like reading?
MANY APHANTASICS say they don't enjoy reading fiction, and see their aphantasia as an explanation for why books have never held their attention.
Is aphantasia linked to mental illness?
Indeed, the mental health histories of congenital and non-congenital aphantasics should be expected to differ, given that congenital aphantasics have a lifelong imagery deficit while at least some non-congenital aphantasia (psychogenic aphantasia) is believed to be caused by psychological disorder.
Is aphantasia inherited?
A complete lack of visual imagery, recently termed aphantasia, is typically present from birth and is more common in those with affected family members. It is therefore postulated that there is a genetic component to the variation in visual imagery vividness.
Does aphantasia run in families?
Whatever is happening neurally, it does seem to be heritable to some degree, with people with aphantasia more likely to have a close relative (parent, sibling or child) who also struggles to visualise.
Is aphantasia linked to dementia?
Aphantasia is a heterogeneous neuropsychological syndrome consisting of the inability to create mental images. We argue that its progressive form may be a harbinger of dementia.
Can people with aphantasia hear?
Aphantasia, or Mind Blindness, have now found a companion; Anauralia, or Mind Deafness. Not being able to See and Hear within your 'Mind's Eye' and 'Mind's Ear' are linked to numerous cognitive s, such as self-regulation, problem-solving and memory-recall.
Can people with aphantasia see faces?
Recognition is also not affected: People with aphantasia knew which pictures of rooms they had already seen when shown them a second time, and also recognize family and friends—though they cannot visualize their faces without seeing them. Aphantasia has only come to light recently as a psychological phenomenon.