What are the dangers of rotavirus?

Rotavirus can be very harmful. Diarrhea, vomiting, and fever can cause a loss of body fluids. This leads to dehydration, which can be very dangerous, especially for babies and young children. Some children need an IV (needle in their vein) in the hospital to replace lost fluids.
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What damage does rotavirus do to the body?

Rotavirus infection alters the function of the small intestinal epithelium, resulting in diarrhea. The diarrhea was generally considered to be malabsorptive, secondary to enterocyte destruction (34).
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What are long term effects of rotavirus?

Most children recover from rotavirus without long-term health effects. Symptoms last about a week. If your child becomes dehydrated, it could lead to serious complications and even death. Call your healthcare provider right away if your child shows symptoms of rotavirus.
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When should I be concerned about rotavirus?

Call your doctor or nurse advice line now or seek immediate medical care if: Your child has signs of needing more fluids. These signs include sunken eyes with few tears, a dry mouth with little or no spit, and little or no urine for 6 hours. Your child has new belly pain, or the pain gets worse.
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What organs are affected by rotavirus?

There have been sporadic reports that suggested that rotavirus may infect organs other than the gut, such as the nervous system [4], but the ultra-structural changes found in the gut have led to the conclusion that rotavirus infection is confined to the mucosa of the upper small intestine.
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Rotavirus Vaccine Is Safe, Study Finds



Can rotavirus cause permanent damage?

“Children inflicted with the Rotavirus and have experienced repeated episodes of diarrhea during the the period of 12 to 24 months old and it can have long-lasting effects on their development, such as reduced height, as compared to average children, by 8.2 centimeters.”
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What is the fastest way to get rid of rotavirus?

There's no specific treatment for a rotavirus infection. Antibiotics and antivirals won't help a rotavirus infection. Usually, the infection resolves within three to seven days. Preventing dehydration is the biggest concern.
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How long does it take for rotavirus to clear up?

According to the Centers for Disease Control, rotavirus incubates for up to 48 hours, so if your child is exposed, symptoms won't appear for a day or two. 1 The illness itself can last for up to ten days and you should consider your child contagious for about twelve days.
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What are the stages of rotavirus?

A rotavirus infection usually starts within two days of exposure to the virus. Early symptoms are a fever and vomiting, followed by three to seven days of watery diarrhea. The infection can cause abdominal pain as well. In healthy adults, a rotavirus infection may cause only mild signs and symptoms or none at all.
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Can adults catch rotavirus?

Rotavirus disease is most common in infants and young children. However, older children and adults can also get sick from rotavirus. Adults who get rotavirus disease tend to have milder symptoms.
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Is it common to be hospitalized from rotavirus?

About one out of every 70 children may develop severe enough dehydration to require hospitalization. In these children treatment may include: Intravenous (IV) fluids.
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What happens if rotavirus is left untreated?

If rotavirus is left untreated, severe and frequent diarrhea and/or vomiting can lead to dehydration in young children, which can result in hospitalization (for intravenous (IV) fluids), and in severe cases, death. Infants and young children are most at risk of dehydration.
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What condition does rotavirus cause?

Rotavirus infection causes severe gastroenteritis in infants and young children worldwide. Globally, there are at least 600,000 children < 5 years old who die from diarrhea with severe dehydration and electrolyte and acid-base disturbances each year [6].
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What kills rotavirus?

Disinfect hard, nonporous surfaces3 using an EPA-registered disinfectant, such as Clorox® Disinfecting Bleach: Preclean surface before disinfecting by washing and then rinsing with water. Mix ⅓ cup Clorox® Disinfecting Bleach in 1 gallon of water. Wipe area with bleach solution and let solution stand for 6 minutes.
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Which is worse norovirus or rotavirus?

The primary differences between norovirus and rotavirus are based on who gets it, how long the infection typically lasts and the possible complications. The norovirus typically lasts no more than about two and a half days, while rotavirus generally lasts three to eight days.
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What color is diarrhea with rotavirus?

Anyone caring for small children should know the symptoms of rotavirus, including: Frequent, watery diarrhea (often foul-smelling, green or brown)
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What food carries rotavirus?

Outbreaks can occur in child care centers or after the ingestion of contaminated food such as shellfish, salads, or ice. Often, the food is contaminated by infected food handlers. Globally, rotaviruses are the most common cause of severe diarrhea in children younger than 2 years.
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What age does rotavirus peak?

All children during infancy or early childhood. Severe disease occurs most often in children aged 3 months to 2 years. Oral live attenuated monovalent rotavirus: RV1 (Rotarix).
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What is the difference between norovirus and rotavirus?

The incubation for norovirus is 12–48 hours, while signs of rotavirus arise at two days. 45. Duration of symptoms: Norovirus symptoms don't last as long, about one to three days; whereas rotavirus infections linger longer, for about three to eight days.
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How many days are you contagious with rotavirus?

The illness usually begins suddenly with vomiting, followed by watery diarrhoea. About 1 in 3 people with rotavirus also have a fever in the first few days of the illness. Symptoms usually last from a few days to a week. People with rotavirus stay infectious for about 2 weeks.
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Can I get rotavirus from my child?

Rotavi- rus is very contagious, spreading easily from chil- dren who are already infected to other children and sometimes adults. Large amounts of rotavirus are shed in the stool of infected people and the virus can be easily spread via contaminated hands and objects, such as toys.
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What does rotavirus need to survive?

Rotavirus can remain viable outside the human body from several hours to several months, depending on the environment. The ideal environment for its survival consists of low temperature (4–20°C); low pH (~3); and low humidity and protection from ultraviolet radiation.
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What not to eat when you have rotavirus?

Foods and drinks to avoid
  • Fruit juices that contain a lot of sugar and fruit drinks.
  • Sports drinks such as Gatorade.
  • Soft or carbonated drinks.
  • Caffeinated drinks.
  • Broths and canned or packaged soups.
  • Fried foods or those rich in fat (delicatessen, potato chips, French fries, pastries)
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Is Pepto-Bismol good for rotavirus?

Experts agree that these medications, either prescription or over-the-counter, are generally not helpful in rotavirus infection: "Neither antibiotics, antisecretory drugs (e.g., bismuth subslicylate [Pepto-Bismol]), antimotility drugs (e.g., diphenoxylate, atropine, loperamide [Imodium]), absorbents (e.g., kaolin [ ...
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What are the symptoms of rotavirus in adults?

By contrast, the role of rotavirus as a pathogen in adults has long been underappreciated. Spread by faecal-oral transmission, rotavirus infection in adults typically manifests with nausea, malaise, headache, abdominal cramping, diarrhoea, and fever. Infection can also be symptomless.
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