How many Irish died under British rule?

618,000 deaths from fighting and disease out of a total pre-war population of c. 1.5 million, or 41 per cent of the population.
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How many Irish were killed by British?

One modern estimate estimated that at least 200,000 were killed out of a population of allegedly 2 million.
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Why did so many Irish died in the Famine?

The main cause was a disease which affected the potato crop, upon which a third of Ireland's population was dependent for food. There had been crop failures before but during the famine it failed across the whole country, and reoccurred over several years.
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Why didn t the British help the Irish during the Famine?

Britain had failed in saving the Irish population because they were too busy trying to not lose any resources or money. Gray, Peter. “British Relief Measures.” Atlas of the Great Irish Famine.
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How many Irish people died between 1845 and 1850?

It decimated Ireland's population, which stood at about 8.5 million on the eve of the Famine. It is estimated that the Famine caused about 1 million deaths between 1845 and 1851 either from starvation or hunger-related disease. A further 1 million Irish people emigrated.
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Why Ireland hated England?



How many Irish went to America during the famine?

Up to two million Irish sailed to North America during the Famine. An estimated 5,000 ships made the crossings, which could last up to two months. Many were cargo vessels hastily outfitted with makeshift passenger accommodations.
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Why didn't the Irish eat fish during the famine?

Because people were starving they did not have the energy that would be required to go fishing, haul up nets and drag the boats ashore. In addition, some people may have sold their personal belongings in order to survive.
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Who gave Ireland food during the famine?

  1. The USA – one of the main countries to help Ireland.
  2. India – raised donations all over the country. ...
  3. The Caribbean nations – small nations came together. ...
  4. The Islamic State Ottoman – an integral country for Irish support. ...
  5. Britain – despite a lot of controversy. ...
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What country did most Irish move to due to the Great Famine?

Some went to Great Britain and to Australia, but most intended to go to America. Because fares on the Canadian ships were cheaper, many emigrants went by way of Canada and walked across the border into Maine and then south through New England.
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Did the English create the Irish famine?

The landed proprietors in Ireland were held in Britain to have created the conditions that led to the famine. However, it was asserted that the British parliament since the Act of Union of 1800 was partly to blame.
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Why did the Irish only eat potatoes?

Why were potatoes so important to Ireland? The potato plant was hardy, nutritious, calorie-dense, and easy to grow in Irish soil. By the time of the famine, nearly half of Ireland's population relied almost exclusively on potatoes for their diet, and the other half ate potatoes frequently.
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Who was worst affected by the Irish famine?

The famine did not affect all of Ireland in the same way. Suffering was most pronounced in western Ireland, particularly Connaught, and in the west of Munster. Leinster and especially Ulster escaped more lightly. The following map shows the severity of the famine across Ireland in 1847; the height of the Famine.
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What was the greatest famine in history?

The 'Great Leap Forward'-famine in China from 1959-61 was the single largest famine in history in terms of absolute numbers of deaths. Excess mortality estimates vary hugely, but based on our midpoint estimates, it cost more than double the number of lives than any other famine.
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How long did the British oppress the Irish?

It would lead to the War of Independence against Britain, a fateful peace treaty and home rule, and by 1949, to the Republic of Ireland. Whether it was a military fiasco or whether it pierced the 800-year darkness of British oppression, the Rising of Easter Week 1916 changed everything.
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How many Protestants were killed in Ireland?

The Ulster Massacres were a series of massacres and resulting deaths amongst the ~4,000–12,000 Protestant settlers which took place in 1641 during the Irish Rebellion. O'Neill clansmen massacred as many as 100 English and Scottish Protestant planters, including women, children, and other noncombatants.
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What was the worst atrocities in Northern Ireland?

McGurk's Bar bombing – the UVF exploded a bomb at a Catholic-owned pub in Belfast, killing fifteen Catholic civilians (including two children) and wounding seventeen others. This was the highest death toll from a single incident in Belfast during the Troubles.
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Did America help Ireland during the famine?

Carrie Healy, NEPR: When the Irish were suffering from famine, they encountered bitterness from their neighbors and trade partners, the British. But Americans — the people of Massachusetts — rallied and collected donated money, goods and food to ship to Ireland in 1847.
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What did the Irish eat in the 1700s?

The Irish diet of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries was reflective of their cattle economy: meat and milk products for the gentry and meat scraps, offal and milk products for the poorer Irish. They had long cultivated cereals and legumes.
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How many people were left in Ireland after the famine?

Approximately 1.1 million died and over a million emigrated during the Famine. The population of Ireland plummeted from almost 8.2 million in 1841 to 6.5 million in 1851.
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Did the Muslims help the Irish famine?

During the Great Famine in Ireland of the 1840s, Ottoman Sultan Abdülmecid (pronounced Abdul Majid) donated £1,000 to famine relief (equivalent to between US$84,000 and US$216,000 in 2019). A letter written by Irish notables in the Ottoman archives explicitly thanks the Sultan for his help.
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Did people eat each other during the Irish famine?

Cannibalism was also recorded in the mid-1310s during Robert the Bruce's Irish campaign: 'do ithdais na daine cin amuras a cheli ar fod Erenn (and undoubtedly men ate each other in Ireland)' (Annála Connacht 1944: 252-3; Sayles 1956: 95), when warfare exacerbated the impact of dismal harvests.
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Who is native to Ireland?

Irish people (Irish: Muintir na hÉireann or Na hÉireannaigh) are an ethnic group and nation native to the island of Ireland, who share a common history and culture. There have been humans in Ireland for about 33,000 years, and it has been continually inhabited for more than 10,000 years (see Prehistoric Ireland).
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Could the Irish famine been prevented?

Sen says the Irish Potato Famine could have been prevented through British intervention, but a British sense of superiority led them to neglect the Irish people. The famine decimated Ireland in the 1840s when food production fell dramatically because of a potato blight.
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What did the Irish eat before potatoes?

Grains, either as bread or porridge, were the other mainstay of the pre-potato Irish diet, and the most common was the humble oat, usually made into oatcakes and griddled (ovens hadn't really taken off yet).
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Did British export food during Irish famine?

In fact, the export of all livestock from Ireland to England increased during the famine except for pigs. However, the export of ham and bacon did increase. Other exports from Ireland during the "famine" included peas, beans, onions, rabbits, salmon, oysters, herring, lard, honey and even potatoes. Dr.
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